Auditors working for Circle have disclosed the reserves backing the firm’s USD Coin (USDC) stablecoin, while Mad Money’s Jim Cramer has questioned Tether’s lack of transparency with its Tether (USDT) reserves.
Multi-national tax advisory firm Grant Horton conducted the audit, and a reserve attestation report was published on Tuesday, which showed that 61% of USDC’s reserves were held in cash and cash equivalents equating to $13.4 billion as of May 28.
Circle’s total commercial paper accounts for 9% of its reserves, and the figures provide a stark contrast to Tether’s reserves, in which undisclosed commercial paper accounted for 49.5% of its total reserves — something that Cramer has been “sounding the alarm” about recently.
The Circle report defines cash as deposits at banks and Government Obligation Money Market Funds, while cash equivalents are defined as securities with an original maturity less than or equal to 90 days.
On May 28, there was 22,176,182,251 total USDC in circulation, with the total fair value of Circle’s U.S. dollar-denominated assets held in segregated accounts fully backing the supply of USDC according to the report.
Circle noted that it voluntarily disclosed its reserves as part of its transparency goals, with the firm revealing plans to go public via a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) earlier this month.
“Yankee CDs” and “US Treasuries” represented the next biggest share of assets backing the reserves at 13% and 12%, respectively, with a combined total value of $5.6 billion.
Yankee CDs are defined as “USD denominated Certificates of Deposit issued in the US by branch(es) of Foreign Banking Organizations,” with a maximum maturity of 13 months, while the US treasuries have a maximum maturity of three years.
The total commercial paper allocations represent 9%, worth $2 billion; corporate bonds account for 5%, worth $1.1 billion; and municipal bonds and U.S. agencies compose 0.2%, worth $100 million.
Circle’s USDC reserve breakdown was published amid increased scrutiny on the stablecoin sector from the United States government, with U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen meeting with other financial regulators this week to discuss a regulatory framework for stablecoins.
Circle CEO Jeremy Allaire emphasized in a Tuesday blog post that the firm is committed to providing transparency of its operations and working within the traditional financial system:
“Core economic activities underpinning USDC are built inside the perimeter of the U.S. financial system, and not outside of it.”
Jim Cramer thinks Tether is Mad Money
Speaking during a Tuesday interview with TheStreet, Jim Cramer, the host of CNBC’s Mad Money, questioned Tether’s lack of transparency and asked why the firm hasn’t disclosed what the large percentage of commercial paper backing USDT is.
Tether released a brief reserve breakdown on May 13 and did not mention any independent review conducted on behalf of the firm.
Tether’s reserve breakdown showed that as of March 31, three-quarters of its reserves were held in cash, cash equivalents, other short-term deposits and commercial paper. Among that category, commercial paper accounted for 65.39%, with cash alone accounting for just 3.87%.
The firm is yet to reveal what comprises its commercial paper holdings, and Cramer has been sounding the alarm bells:
“I am concerned about Tether, and I’m not gonna stop sounding the alarm until I know what Tether has. They’ve got about $60 billion in commercial paper. Tether, open up the kimono, what commercial paper do you own?”
“Why wouldn’t they tell us?” he added, as he questioned whether the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission will step in to find out.
“There’s a belief that a lot of the commercial bank paper is Chinese bank paper — why not put that to rest and tell us it isn’t?” he said.