Despite the top publicly listed Bitcoin (BTC) mining firms operating at losses, their share prices have dramatically outperformed BTC over the past 12 months.
Appearing on CNBC, Fundstrat’s vice president of digital asset strategy, Leeor Shimron, shared his analysis into the market performance of the four largest publicly traded mining firms: Marathon Digital Holdings, Riot Blockchain, Hive Blockchain and Hut 8 — each of which represents a market capitalization of more than $1 billion.
Over the past 12 months, Shimron found the average return for shares in the mining firms to have been 5,000%, while BTC has gained 900% over the same period. Unsurprisingly, the stocks were found to have a “high positive correlation” with BTC.
The researcher concluded that for every 1% price move in BTC, Bitcoin mining shares move by 2.5% on average. However, the observation applies to both upward and downward price moves, meaning mining stocks are likely to plummet with more than twice the aggression of BTC during bearish market conditions.
“They’ll probably be hit hard as Bitcoin draws down,” Shimron noted.
He further attributed the wild volatility in miner stocks to the lack of regulated crypto investment products in the United States, speculating that “Until a Bitcoin ETF is approved, investors may view public mining companies as one of the only ways to get exposure to Bitcoin.”
“Since the primary source of revenue is Bitcoin, these companies are fundamentally long [on] the industry — so investors are essentially making a ‘picks and shovels’ bet when they invest in miners.”
Noting that Coinbase’s shares are “trading at a roughly $100 billion valuation in the private markets,” Shimron added that “Clearly there is investor appetite to gain exposure to operators within the crypto space, and miners are just another segment within that.”
Shimron also noted that supply chain disruptions amid the coronavirus pandemic were beneficial to the four largest mining firms — which were able to stock up on next-generation hardware, such as Bitmain’s Antminer S19 series.
“They've made a huge capital investment and operate at a loss to position themselves for the current bull run,” he said, adding:
“By building up their cash rate capacity and increasing their operating leverage, they effectively shield themselves from competition amongst new miners. So they've increased their economies of scale to retain market share, and I believe that should pay dividends going forward.”