Tax authorities in Brazil have been more active in regulating the crypto market resulting in what one observer has called a cooling of the market for smaller exchanges.
Following new application of new tax norms in August 2019, Brazil has recently seen some of the results of those actions. Cointelegraph Brasil reported that two major cryptocurrency exchanges based in the South American nation have been shut down following threats of heavy fines and the immediate effects of the regulations.
Acesso Bitcoin was one of the exchanges to voluntarily close their doors. Cofounder Pedro Nunes reportedly blamed the new tax rules for the closure:
“After the Federal Revenue Service introduced these rules we noticed a significant decrease in the traded volume. We also feel that the market has cooled off for smaller exchanges.”
Latoex, another Brazil-based crypto exchange, faces similar problems. The company is looking at a 100,000-Brazilian real (BRD) fine if it does not comply with a suspension order issued by Brazil’s Securities and Exchange Commission.
Current Crypto Regulations in Brazil
Because Brazil does not have a dedicated law to deal with crypto at this time, all exchanges fall under the purview of Normative Instruction No. 1888 issued by the Department of Federal Revenue. All companies carrying out crypto transactions in Brazil must report them or face fines, ranging from 500 BRD to 1500 BRD, or from 120 to 360 USD.
Both houses of the National Congress of Brazil are looking at proposals to regulate the country’s crypto industry. A special commission is analyzing and making revisions to such a motion, Bill 2303/2015. Meanwhile, the Senate is reviewing two other bills, PL 3825/2019 and PL 3949/2019. As of Feb. 2020, no specific legislation has been enacted to establish regulations for the cryptocurrency market in Brazil.