Crypto markets data aggregator CoinMarketCap yesterday changed its methodology to rank exchanges on their web traffic by default — a metric that puts CoinMarketCap’s new owners Binance in the top spot.
But this stands in stark contrast to the words of CoinMarketCap’s Chief Strategy Officer and acting CEO Carylyne Chan, who said in a podcast interview late last year that web traffic was “not a good indicator.”
Introduced just six weeks after Binance bought CoinMarketCap for hundreds of millions of dollars, the new ranking methodology prioritizes web traffic over CMC’s painstakingly developed “liquidity metric,” which was only introduced in November and was due to become the default ranking.
When ranked by average liquidity, Binance lands in fourth place, following Bitfinex, Coinbase Pro, and Huobi Global respectively.
Indications are not good
On an episode of the podcast Blockchain Journeys recorded at the Capital Conference in Singapore in November, where the liquidity metric was introduced, Chan was asked specifically about using web traffic as a metric. She said:
"We've seen other people do things like you've said, web traffic as a way [to verify exchanges are legitimate] but people trade using API keys so that's why web traffic is not a good indicator."
But CoinMarketCap’s May 13 blog post makes a very different argument:
"With crypto being a retail-driven market, for an exchange to have high volumes, it needs to have a large number of retail traders (i.e. buyers and sellers). Instead of asking exchanges to submit their user numbers, a good intermediate proxy will be web traffic. As such, we have designed the Web Traffic Factor in this iteration."
The Web Traffic Factor is a combination score that provides different weightings to: “pageviews, unique visitor count, bounce rate, time-on-site, relative ranking and keyword searches on major search engines”. This may address some of Chan’s earlier concerns.
After the original version of this story was published, Chan responded on Twitter saying: “If you read our post in full, traffic is only *one of many factors* that will make up the final algorithm. I have said *more recently* that speed is imperative, hence we're iterating instead of waiting months. Faster = more feedback = better for users. Next iteration: End of May.”
One ranking to rule them all...
The blog post went on to say that it would introduce a single page to rank exchanges (instead of multiple pages) that will be “sorted by the new metric, Web Traffic Factor, by default, while preserving the other metrics (e.g. Liquidity Score, volumes, markets) in the subsequent columns."
The post did not give an explanation why CMC was prioritizing web traffic over its liquidity metric. CMC said in November that the liquidity metric “is designed to eventually replace volume as the default metric when ranking market pairs and exchanges.”
‘Real Ten’ exchanges
In the hour-long podcast interview, Chan also rejected another method of examining order book depth, along with Bitwise's list of ten exchanges with "real volume" — of which Binance is one.
"You mentioned the Bitwise report. So what it does is choose ten exchanges they think are reputable and that they verified as good, but actually I think just eyeballing some of those who passed the tests are also washing trades... so that's not comprehensive.”
Chan concluded of the three approaches: "I think all of these are non-data-driven, they are very subjective. So for us, when we are looking for a solution we try to avoid logical errors like this and be more data driven."
CMC and CZ agree that there are issues
In the blog post announcing the change, CMC acknowledged the limitations of the new measure that had put their owners on top:
"We are aware that web traffic will not provide the full picture, as there are traders who trade using API keys, for instance. This metric is, as shared above, an intermediate step in this iterative process."
Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao conceded on Twitter the metric is “not “100% accurate.”
This ranking is currently heavily biased towards web traffic, not 100% accurate, but better than before. Will continue to iterate.— CZ Binance 🔶🔶🔶 (@cz_binance) May 14, 2020
CMC is independent
Binance bought CMC (for a reported but unconfirmed $400 million) in early April, and downplayed concerns about the conflict of interest generated by an exchange owning the same site that reports exchange volumes:
“CoinMarketCap will continue to be run as an independent business entity. While the Binance cryptocurrency exchange and its native token BNB are listed on CoinMarketCap, CoinMarketCap and Binance are separate entities that maintain a strict policy of independence from one another: Binance has no bearing on CoinMarketCap rankings, while CoinMarketCap has no influence over Binance’s operations.”
Note: This story has been updated to include Carylyne Chan’s response.