United States Senators Kirsten Gillibrand and Cynthia Lummis believe that most altcoins would likely be considered securities under their proposed new legislation, but they confirmed that Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) will be classified as commodities.
Lummis and Gillibrand both agreed with U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chair Gary Gensler’s assessment that most cryptocurrencies are securities under the Howey Test, with Gillibrand stating:
“Most cryptocurrencies go to the SEC [...] Bitcoin and Ether would be certainly commodities, and that's agreed upon. That’s agreed with Chairman Gensler as well as the chairman of the CFTC.”
Gillibrand pushed back on reports characterizing the legislation as making the Commodity Futures Trading Commission the primary regulator. “I don’t think CFTC is the primary regulator,” she said. “They just have the obligation to regulate Bitcoin and Ether, the majority of cryptocurrencies today.”
The pair made the comments during a Washington Post event on Wednesday, a day after releasing the details of the Responsible Financial Innovation Act.
Rostin Behnam, chair of the CTFC, was also at the event and took a slightly different view on the proportion of altcoins that are securities. He said that while there are “probably hundreds” of coins that replicate security coins, there are also many commodity coins, such as BTC and ETH, that should be regulated by the CFTC.
“It’s pretty clear that many of the digital assets themselves replicate or look like commodities. They’re more like stores of value than they are securities.”
Tony Tuths, head of the digital assets team at KPMG US, told Cointelegraph that the legislation, under its current form, is unlikely to “move forward” in the foreseeable future, adding it was unclear what coins will ultimately fall within the purview of the SEC versus the CTFC.
“On the regulatory side the legislation calls for the CFTC to be the primary regulator but then carves out a wide swath of tokens that have attributes similar to securities for regulation by the SEC. It will be a struggle to decipher what exactly is in the SEC bucket but it could be the exception that swallows the rule.“
The new bipartisan bill is expected to lean heavily on the Howey Test to determine whether a particular coin is classed as a security or a commodity.
“We’re trying to just fit the digital asset world into our current regulatory framework. […] We spent a lot of time on the definition of the modern Howey Test,” said Senator Lummis during a CNBC interview on June Tuesday.
The Howey Test is a framework set by the U.S. Supreme Court to determine whether a transaction qualifies as an investment contract, and thus considered a security.
The Howey Test has become a focal point in the SEC’s case against Ripple, which began in December 2020, alleging that the company used its digital token XRP to raise funds in 2013 and was an unregistered security token at the time.