What is decentralization? A decentralization definition is that it is the process of distributing and dispersing power away from a central point. Most financial and governmental systems in the traditional mainstream world are centralized, meaning they are controlled and managed by a single authority.
There are several crucial disadvantages to this approach, stemming from the fact that any central authority also plays the role of a single point of failure in the system: Any malfunction at the top of the hierarchy, whether unintentional or deliberate, inevitably has a negative effect on the entire system.
Centralization can also be present on a technical level. Hacking one of a centralized entity’s main points of failure, such as a database, could affect the entire entity and its network.
Decentralization spreads power and information across multiple points. Decentralization advantages can include greater security and diversified control.
Bitcoin was designed as a decentralized alternative to government money and, therefore, doesn't have any single point of failure, making it more resilient, efficient and democratic. Its underlying blockchain technology allows for this decentralization, offering every user an opportunity to become one of the network's many payment processors. As a whole, the crypto industry values decentralization, with projects building on various blockchains and distributed ledger technologies, or DLT