|Place of birth||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Alma mater||Saint Petersburg State University|
|Known for||Founding globally used encrypted messaging service|
Pavel Durov’s first major business, VK, permanently changed social networking throughout Russia and Eastern Europe. After exiting the company, Durov and his brother Nikolai launched encrypted messaging app Telegram in August 2013. The app currently boasts a 200 million monthly user base. Now, Durov is making crypto headlines for his company’s embattled launch of its Telegram Open Network blockchain, which raised $1.7 billion in a pair of private token sales in early 2018.
Pavel Durov's 2019:
For much of 2019, there were sparse updates on the TON blockchain’s development. In September, early testnet code for TON was released, allowing the more technically savvy to set up full nodes, validator nodes, and blockchain explorers. While the launch of TON and the distribution of the Gram token was set for Oct. 31 (the anniversary of the Bitcoin white paper’s release), the SEC halted the launch with an emergency restraining order, citing a concern that the network launch would flood the U.S. market with unregistered securities via the Gram token. For the rest of the year, the project was in a state of limbo.
What Cointelegraph expects for 2020:
More details arose at the start of the new year regarding the SEC halting of the TON blockchain and its Gram cryptocurrency. The U.S. financial watchdog deemed the Gram token sale an unregistered securities offering. A core accusation by one SEC official was that the entire TON project and ambitious funding event was a means to fund Telegram’s development after Pavel had sunk much of his fortune from the sale of VK into the messaging service. Durov refuted the accusation, saying that the token sale was intended to fund and bootstrap a secure proof-of-stake blockchain network without resorting to traditional equity fundraising, which he claimed could have affected "the company’s integrity and its values, and change the company’s ethos and what it stands for.”
Both the Chamber of Digital Commerce and the Blockchain Association — two high-profile blockchain advocacy groups — have filed an amicus curiae, or “friend-of-the-court” brief, supporting Telegram's position. Amid the regulatory uncertainty, the TON wallet and cryptocurrency will not be integrated with Telegram’s existing messaging service, virtually eliminating the one market advantage that attracted investors in the first place. The case is still ongoing.