The criminals responsible for Bitcoin-related crimes can very easily be held accountable provided police forces familiarise themselves with the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin, by its very nature, is inherently trackable. The suggestion that Bitcoin is anonymous is the hallmark of someone who doesn’t truly understand the technology. The scaremongering that is going on in the consumer technology industry is frankly unwarranted.
To put this into context: Little Jimmy installs a pirated game on the family computer. Unbeknownst to him, ransomware was hidden within the download, and now all the computer’s files are encrypted, including his father’s work documents, which are vital to his business. The parents resolve that they must pay the $400 ransom in Bitcoin to the thieves because they need the files back.
They create an account on an exchange, say Coinbase, and purchase the BTC, and then send it to the criminals’ BTC address. This transaction is recorded on the Blockchain. The associated address can then be monitored by authorities. Follow where the Bitcoin goes and you find the criminals.
Eventually, one of two things will happen; the thieves purchase something with their Bitcoin, which, provided the store abides by the required level of ‘know your customer (KYC)’, means if it’s something physical, authorities have an address, and if it’s something digital, authorities have personal details and an account of some sort.
Or the criminals go to an exchange to turn their Bitcoin into real fiat money, which makes the authorities’ jobs a whole lot easier. All they have to do is ask the exchange to which financial address the fiat was deposited, and they have the criminals’ financial details. In addition, the exchange will most likely also operate a KYC policy, especially since the criminals would likely be trading in large volumes, so authorities would have even further information
Authorities’ failure to adapt
As such, the notion that so-called cybercriminals can get away with their ransomware exploits without eventually being caught is completely devoid of reason. Authorities must realise that their inability to apprehend those responsible is solely down to their failure to adapt to and understand the modern technologies being utilised by criminals, not because Bitcoin is inherently dangerous.