Central banks have a responsibility to keep pace with the digital age and lead innovation, Agustín Carstens, general manager of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), believes.
In his opening remarks at a conference in Basel, Switzerland, on Nov. 8, Carstens called central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) the “central element” of this leadership, elaborating on the potential threats and challenges to implementing them.
One particular challenge is the variety of technological infrastructures different countries intend to develop for their CBDC projects. Carstens also mentioned cyber risks and new possibilities for “criminal activities by unscrupulous actors.”
Speaking of the priorities in adapting the CBDCs to potential threats, the official named the flexibility of its design as the number one issue, but he also mentioned privacy problems:
“Maintaining an appropriate level of privacy, for example, will be crucial to ensuring public acceptance of retail CBDCs.”
Carstens pledged BIS support for central banks in their efforts to go digital. This support comes primarily from the BIS Innovation Hub and Cyber Resilience Coordination Centre.
The former has been active recently, participating in numerous digital currency projects. It is helping the Swiss National Bank to develop a wholesale CBDC, as well as helping to build a joint platform with the central monetary authorities of China, Hong Kong, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates and developing a proof-of-concept for a transactions tracker with the European Central Bank, among numerous other projects.