USD Coin (USDC) issuer Circle’s exposure to the United States banking system sits near $9 billion, according to its latest audit report from January. Circle’s reserves are held in a number of regulated financial institutions in the country, including Silvergate, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB), and Bank of New York Mellon.
According to the report, the amount held in cash by U.S. regulated financial institutions was $8.6 billion as of Jan. 31, representing roughly 20% of its reserves. Another $33.6 billion of its reserves are held in U.S Treasurys managed by BlackRock through the Circle Reserve Fund, registered as a government money market fund and with funds held by BNY Mellon.
In a statement to Cointelegraph, a spokesperson for Circle explained:
"Silicon Valley Bank is one of six banking partners Circle uses for managing the approximately 25% portion of USDC reserves held in cash. While we await clarity on how the FDIC receivership of Silicon Valley Bank will impact its depositors, Circle and USDC continue to operate normally."
Other banks holding the company’s reserves include Citizens Trust Bank, Customers Bank, New York Community Bank, a division of Flagstar Bank, and Signature Bank. USDC is the second-largest stablecoin, with a $42 billion circulating supply as of Jan. 31. Circle’s January report was reviewed and certified by Big Four accounting firm Deloitte.
SVB is one of the biggest lenders in the United States and a major player for venture-backed companies. The bank was shut down on March 10 by the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation, fueling fears about its future. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation was appointed as the receiver to protect insured deposits.
Dave Weisberger, co-founder and CEO of algorithmic-trading platform CoinRoutes, told Cointelegraph that the “fodder for a broader contagion event is there” and that “the spark could be materializing,” putting at risk many startups and tech companies in the country — a critical sector for the “sustained growth of the American economy.”
Weisberger also noted:
“A good many tech firms — startups but also Big Tech companies — have deep exposure to SVB. If the government doesn’t step in and effectively carry out a bailout of some sort, then we should be expecting these companies to struggle to pay their employees, as well as layoffs and, possibly, rising unemployment.”
Earlier this week, Silvergate Capital Corporation disclosed its plans to shut down its crypto bank arm, citing “recent industry and regulatory developments.” According to the company, the liquidation plan includes “full repayment of all deposits.” Silvergate was a major crypto-fiat gateway network for financial institutions and a significant on-ramp for cryptocurrencies in the United States.
Circle denied having any current exposure to Silvergate. According to a March 4 statement, Circle transferred the “small percentage of USDC reserve deposits held” to other banking partners.
Previously, sources told Cointelegraph that U.S. authorities are coordinating a regulatory crackdown on banks serving crypto firms, using multiple agencies to discourage the relationship between traditional institutions and the emerging industry.