Blockstream is a blockchain development company founded in 2014, with Samson Mow as its current CSO. The Liquid Network project, first discussed in 2015, was then launched in October 2018 in order to allow for better liquidity between Bitcoin exchanges and brokers.
According to Blockstream’s blog post, the Liquid blockchain generated its first block on Sept. 27, 2018 at 1:29 UTC with participation from 23 crypto industry members including Bitfinex, OKCoin, BitMEX, and the SIX Digital Exchange.
The blog post explains that Liquid aims to allow for faster transactions with Bitcoin between businesses and individuals with the use of its features. These include a native Liquid Bitcoin (L-BTC) asset backed by a “two-way peg” to Bitcoin, Issued Assets bringing “bitcoin-like features to traditional assets,” and its Confidential Transaction Technology.
According to the FAQ page, the Liquid Network differs from the Lightning Network (LN) — a second-layer solution for Bitcoin — in that its transactions are not “limited in amount to channel capacity.” In July, payment service CoinGate launched an LN trial for 100 merchants, including esports betting websites, online stores with crypto merchandise, and adult entertainment websites.