Bloomberg cites data from Crypto Fund Research that indicates that 125 new crypto venture funds — which typically provide capital in exchange for an equity stake — launched in 2018, as compared with 115 new investment-oriented crypto hedge funds.
In 2017, by contrast, new hedge funds outnumbered venture funds by 47: 136 hedge funds as compared with 85 venture funds. In 2016, 36 hedge funds were launched as compared with 16 venture outfits.
Bloomberg interviewed multiple industry figures who attributed the shift to the weakness in the initial coin offering (ICO) market — which was hit last year by both depressed cryptocurrency prices and a regulatory crackdown whose ultimate consequences remain to be seen.
With so many investors burned by the difficult trading climate, the moment is opportune for venture capitalists, as Jeff Dorman, partner and portfolio manager at Los Angeles-based Arca, argued:
“There’s going to be a lot of opportunity in distressed buying and even activist investing. Often you can buy below even the cash value of the company."
Kyle Samani, managing partner at Multicoin Capital Management in Austin, Texas — which has historically pursued both a venture strategy as well as making token investments — noted that:
“Funds have silently transformed from hedge funds into venture funds as their liquid portfolios shrank in value, making a very high percentage of AUM [assets under management] illiquid."
Another aspect of the changing tide is the reportedly rising popularity of SAFTs (Simple Agreements for Future Tokens), which allow funds to buy yet-to-be-issued tokens at slashed prices of up to 80 percent.
Pantera Capital Management’s Paul Veradittakit told Bloomberg that Pantera’s own ICO investment fund “is getting a lot more similar to venture,” and that SAFTs in particularly are a “de-risk[ing strategy that is] very very helpful."
Bloomberg cites data from the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Hedge Fund Index, which estimates crypto hedge funds’ losses last year to have been about 70 percent on average.