The sudden collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) has quickly unfolded over the last week, depegging stablecoins, leading regulators in the United States and the United Kingdom to prepare emergency plans and raising fears among small businesses, venture capitalists and other depositors with funds stuck at the California tech bank.
Cointelegraph's team compiled a roundup of the latest and major developments surrounding the troubled bank, starting with the most recent developments:
Mar. 13: Biden to hold those responsible "fully accountable"
U.S. President Joe Biden tweeted on Mar. 13 that he is "firmly committed" to holding those responsible for the collapse of SVB "fully accountable" adding he will "have more to say" in an address later on Mar. 13.
At my direction, @SecYellen and my National Economic Council Director worked with banking regulators to address problems at Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank.— President Biden (@POTUS) March 13, 2023
I’m pleased they reached a solution that protects workers, small businesses, taxpayers, and our financial system. https://t.co/CxcdvLVP6l
Mar. 12: SVB depositors to be protected, says Fed
United States federal regulators, including U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, Federal Reserve Board Chair Jerome Powell, and FDIC Chairman Martin Gruenberg on Mar. 12 announced "decisive actions" that would "fully protect depositors" at both Silicon Valley Bank and the now-shuttered Signature Bank.
@federalreserve @USTreasury @FDICgov issue statement on actions to protect the U.S. economy by strengthening public confidence in our banking system, ensuring depositors' savings remain safe: https://t.co/YISeTdFPrO— Federal Reserve (@federalreserve) March 12, 2023
"Depositors will have access to all of their money starting Monday, March 13. No losses associated with the resolution of Silicon Valley Bank will be borne by the taxpayer," according to a joint statement from the regulators.
Mar. 12: Fed creates $25B program to backstop banks
The Federal Reserve Board announced on Mar. 12 a $25 billion Bank Term Funding Program (BTFP) that offers loans of up to one year to banks and "other eligible depository institutions aimed at backstopping any liquidity issues they may face.
@federalreserve announces Bank Term Funding Program (BTFP) to support American businesses and households, assure banks have ability to meet needs of all their depositors: https://t.co/JIMjkooIDV— Federal Reserve (@federalreserve) March 12, 2023
Mar. 12: Regulators spring into action
Regulators in the U.S. and the U.K. began to take action to deal with the SVB collapse. U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said in an interview that the Treasury was focused on depositors’ needs and would not bail out the bank. U.K Prime Minister Rishi Sunak stated that there were “immediate plans to ensure the short-term operational and cash flow needs of Silicon Valley Bank UK customers.”
The Bank of London has made a formal bid for the U.K. branch of SVB.
Bloomberg reported that the FDIC had been conducting an auction process for SVB on the night of March 11. The Wall Street Journal reported that bidding closed at 2 pm Eastern Time on March 12. Elon Musk said in a tweet that he was “open to the idea” of buying the bank. The administration of U.S. President Joe Biden is also reported to be preparing “material action.”
Mar. 11: Contagion fears spread
Reverberations were felt throughout the DeFi community as whales sought to transfer funds away from USDC. DAI issuer MakerDAO issued an emergency proposal to mitigate its $3.1 billion exposure to USDC. Swapping pool Curve Finance saw record-breaking trading of $7 billion on March 11. Fear of contagion mounted rapidly, with regional banks seen as particularly at risk, and dire warnings were sounded. At the same time, venture capitalists and others rallied around SVB to express their willingness to continue to work with the bank should it be purchased and recapitalized.
Mar. 11: The crypto industry begins to feel the pain
Reports emerge of crypto industry exposure to the failed bank. Circle had $3.3 billion in SVB. A spokesperson for Circle told Cointelegraph that “While we await clarity on how the FDIC receivership of SVB will impact its depositors, Circle and USDC continue to operate normally.“
Circle’s USDC stablecoin depegged and lost over 10% of its value. The USDC (USDC) depeg led to a domino effect that knocked several stablecoins from their pegs as well. DAI (DAI), USDD and FRAX were affected. Circle announced that it would use corporate “resources” to cover the shortfall caused by the SVB collapse.
Mar. 10: The world responds to the bank’s crisis
The Bank of England stated on March 10 that SVB UK will “stop making payments or accepting deposits,” as the central bank intends to apply to the court to place SVB UK into a “Bank Insolvency Procedure.”
U.S. depositors lined up to withdraw funds. According to an unconfirmed report, the FDIC was planning to cover 95% of uninsured SVB deposits, with 50% of them to be paid out in the coming week.
The bank’s downfall was swift, coming less than 48 hours after management disclosed that it needed to raise $2.25 billion in stock to shore up operations. Its stock price subsequently plunged, falling over 60% on March 9.
Mar. 10: Silicon Valley Bank shut down by California regulator
Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) was shut down by California’s financial watchdog on March 10 after announcing a significant sale of assets and stocks aimed at raising additional capital.
The California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation confirmed that Silicon Valley Bank was ordered to close but did not specify the reason for the shutdown.
The California watchdog appointed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) as the receiver to protect insured deposits. However, the FDIC only insures up to $250,000 per depositor, per institution and per ownership category. The bank held over $5 billion in funds from major venture capital firms. Silicon Valley Bank is one of the top 20 largest banks in the United States, providing banking services to crypto-friendly venture companies such as Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz.
Customers lining up outside of Silicon Valley Bank at its Menlo Park, CA branch. pic.twitter.com/SDNrSUC1C0— Cointelegraph (@Cointelegraph) March 10, 2023