New York-based crypto-mining service provider Foundry USA takes the lead to become the world’s second-largest Bitcoin (BTC) mining pool after taking up a 15.42% share of the network.
Data from BTC.com shows that Digital Currency Group-owned Foundry USA stands behind the pool leader AntPool by a hash rate of just 4,000 PH/s, which contributed to a 17.76% network share at the time of writing.
The rise in the participation of American entities can be attributed to China’s recent blanket ban on crypto trading and mining activities. The ban forced a large-scale migration of local Bitcoin miners, who now reside in crypto-friendly jurisdictions, including the United States, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
According to https://t.co/1YRYr4QCmY, DCG's mining pool Foundry has become the second largest Bitcoin mining pool. China's severe crackdown on Bitcoin mining and the transfer of mining industry to the United States are the core reasons. https://t.co/VjtWgD9Hsp pic.twitter.com/XK9Y19QDrg— Wu Blockchain (@WuBlockchain) November 20, 2021
Out of the top five mining pools in terms of hash rate distribution, Foundry USA earns the highest average mining rewards of 0.09418116 BTC (nearly $5,500) per block. According to the vice president of Foundry USA, Kevin Zhang, "we redistribute the block reward to miners via a Full-Pay-Per-Share (FPPS) payout scheme, and our pool fees are actually 0%." American businesses have also picked up China’s slack in terms of crypto ATM distribution.
Coin ATM Radar data shows that Georgia-based Bitcoin Depot has overtaken its Chinese counterparts to become the world’s largest crypto ATM operator. Interestingly enough, a majority of the crypto ATM operators are run by American companies, a trend more prominent after China’s proactive ban on crypto activities.
Despite the clear intent to pursue an in-house central bank digital currency (CBDC), the Chinese Communist Party has also sought public opinion on the Bitcoin mining ban on Oct. 21, sparking conversations around the amendment of the government’s negative stance on Bitcoin and cryptocurrency mining activities.
However, Statista’s data confirms that China’s contribution to the Bitcoin mining hash rate has been on a steady decline since September 2019. Two years ago, China represented over 75% of Bitcoin’s mining hash rate, which by April 2021 reduced to 46% prior to banning cryptocurrencies.
As the United States inches towards Bitcoin’s mainstream adoption, the regulators seek clarity in relation to the new reporting requirements put forth by the Biden administration.
Members of the Republican and Democratic parties have appealed, on different occasions, to amend the crypto tax reporting reforms along with a plea to redefine the word “broker” in crypto transactions.
Starting from 2024, the bipartisan infrastructure bill requires the general public to declare digital asset transactions worth more than $10,000 to the Internal Revenue Service. The bill currently considers miners and validators, hardware and software developers and protocol developers as brokers.